Jan 032017
 
BK117 in the air

Bad Tölz is home of the winch training center for the german rescue teams. Located close to the Alps in the Southern Bavaria, Germany, the ZSA (Zentrum für Sicherheit und Ausbildung) provides indoor facilities to the mountain recue teams and helicopter crews.

Inside a room of approximately 1500 sqm and a height of 20 meters, two cranes simulate helicopter flights.

The first helicopter is a lucky BK117 that, instead of being scrapped, was shipped from the US back to Germany. It was then dismantled, the structure was kept, with the windows, the doors, and the landing skids. An electric winch was installed on a side. Fans create the downwash, and strobe lights simulate the shadow of the rotor blades hiding the sunlight.

The other aircraft was built by the Austrian company AMST. The BK117 was not sufficient to simulate bigger helicopters such as the Super Puma or NH90. The equipment is similar to the BK117, with small improvements. The winch can be positioned differently, closer to the fuselage, or farther out. The doors can slide to the front or to the back. All this will depend on which type of aircraft you are suppose to be flying.

The aircraft are piloted from the cockpit like real helicopters. Even though the behaviour is not meant to be realistic to the pilot, the platform provide the 6 axes of movement: translation forward and backward, to the sides, up and down, pitch, roll, and yaw.

The simulators are not meant to train the pilots, but the cabin crews: winch operator, rescuer under the hook, or any other personnel who has to be lifted or dropped from a helicopter. The benefits are obvious: training costs drop to a fraction of the flight costs, the flight can be paused at any moment, and even the wind and noise can be silenced in order to practice quietly.

the two aircraft in the hall

The two aircraft in the hall

BK117 in the air

BK117 in the air

the former BK117 was transformed and now flies indoor

The former BK117 was transformed and now flies indoor

BK117 cockpit: the pilots flies with the sticks and operates the crane

BK117 cockpit: the pilots flies with the sticks and operates the crane

the BK117 under its crane

The BK117 under its crane

close view of the BK117 winch

Close view of the BK117 winch

rescue in a gondola

Rescue in a gondola

the big helicopter under its crane. After the success encountered by the BK117, this second fuselage was designed and built for the sole purpose of crew training in the ZSA-Bergwacht hall.

The big helicopter under its crane. After the success encountered by the BK117, this second fuselage was designed and built by the Austrian company AMST for the sole purpose of crew training in the ZSA-Bergwacht hall.

the big fuselage from above

The big fuselage seen from above. The house can be flooded and the rescue is made on the roof.

side view of the big fuselage

Side view of the big fuselage

cockpit

Cockpit

another view of the cockpit

Another view of the cockpit

inside the cabin

Inside the cabin

view from the front

View from the front

the cockpit in flight

The cockpit in flight

going down from the big helicopter

Going down from the big helicopter. The winch can be positioned closer to the fuselage, or further out.

rescueing a climber stuck on the wall. In order to make the situation more realistic, the climber was left hanging for 15 min.

Rescueing a climber stuck on the wall. In order to make the situation more realistic, the climber was left hanging for 15 min.

the climber was rescued

The climber was rescued

prepared to rescue

Prepared to rescue

because discussions and theory courses have to be made, conference rooms are available

Because discussions and theory courses have to be made, conference rooms are available

the swimming pool can be filled with (cold) water, turbines create current, and an ice sheet can be simulated with plastic boards

The swimming pool can be filled with (cold) water, turbines create current, and an ice sheet can be simulated with plastic boards

below the climbing wall, a soft mattress

Below the climbing wall, a soft mattress

wide view of the hall

Wide view of the hall

the cold room can go up to -20°C (-4°F)

The cold room can go down to -20°C (-4°F)

thick and heavy doors for the cold room

Thick and heavy doors for the cold room

the rescue of injured people can be simulated from the start to the end with the hospital room

The rescue of injured people can be simulated from the start to the end with the hospital room

Jan 022017
 
LCITS SuperCobra AH-1W

The video illustrates a typical HMI struggle: to which switch can we allocate a secondary function?

In this case, the Bell AH-1W Super Cobra is equipped with prototype Hydra 70 2,75 inches rockets fitting an infrared seeker. Currently, most of the guided rocket are Laser-guided.

For this airborne test, the integration of the guided-rocket (with inrared seeker, not Laser) did not foresee the installation of a new switch-ON button, but rather allocated the function to an already existing search light command (see the video at 4:36). Therefore you cannot have both the guided rocket and the search light installed at the same time. It would be bad to forget it while you’re flying.

switch to power-on the LCITS fire control system

switch to power-on the LCITS fire control system

Dear pilot, if you want to light up your target, don’t blaze it!

canard fins deploying after the rocket exits the launcher tube

canard fins deploying after the rocket exits the launcher tube

simple wiring connection in the helicopter

simple wiring connection in the helicopter

flight and guidance phases

flight and guidance phases

LCITS rocket configuration

LCITS rocket configuration

LCITS rocket integration schematics

via alert5.com

Jan 012017
 

Helicopters have always be designed and built for a mission. Bell Helicopters made it their motto (“One Bell. On a Mission”). The reason is obvious: their cost to buy and maintain have always limited purchases for recreational use. However, new designs such as the Ehang 184 or the Volocopter start changing the market into a more affordable pricing.

The most important change, though, might be one of the least noticed these days: Airbus Helicopters is being rebranded and will be called Airbus, just Airbus. Airbus Helicopters, formerly Eurocopter, is famous and acknowledged as the first civilian helicopter manufacturer in the world, designing and manufacturing reliable aircraft. Why, then, take the risk of losing the benefit of the history?

With the gigantic new market of autonomous drones, the technologies are becoming mature for new aircraft.

Airbus is taking the path of new airborne vehicles with rotary wings, and helicopters as we know them will only be a small part of it. It is all a matter of definition: while a helicopter has one main rotor and a tail rotor, or several main rotors, the use of push propellers or tilt rotors draws the designs closer to the limits of the definition. Furthermore, the use of fixed pitch propellers, in order to produce lift instead of propulsive thrust, confuses the difference between airplanes and helicopters.

Super Frelon rotor head

Super Frelon rotor head, variable pitch

DJI Phantom 2

DJI Phantom 2, fixed pitch rotors. Is it an airplane without wings and flying upward?

The diversity of missions that can be fulfilled by aircraft is overwhelming. Many companies around the entire world come with new ideas and answer problems that are not even existing yet: E-Volo, Zee.Aero, Joby Aviation, Ehang, Airbus Vahana, City Airbus…

All these new design will make the word “helicopter” obsolete. While the current “Sikorsky” configuration (main rotor and a tail rotor) will still be the best design for many missions, alternative solutions will emerge. Separable fuselage to load the cargo, modular engine pods, optionally piloted vehicles, variable number of engines, all these designs will only be limited by the imagination of engineers, for a safer, cleaner, and efficient future.

Urban mobility seen by Airbus (C) Airbus

Urban mobility seen by Airbus (C) Airbus